About Smart Cards : Applications : Identity

Identity Applications

Identification systems are needed by both public and private organizations. ID systems may operate completely within a single organization (an employee ID), span multiple organizations (across government bodies, between businesses and their customers), or extend out to the general population.

Smart cards play an important role in strengthening the security of identification systems and protecting the privacy of the information stored and used in the identification system.

Physical and Logical Access

A physical access control system (PACS) is a coordinated network of ID cards, electronic readers,field control panels, specialized databases, software and computers designed to monitor and control traffic through access points.

Smart card-based physical access control systems provide a powerful and efficient security tool for protecting enterprise assets. Each employee or contractor is issued a smart ID card displaying enterprise information and printed designs, both to thwart the possibility of counterfeiting and to identify the card as official. The card typically displays a picture of the cardholder. The card stores information and a number used to uniquely identify the cardholder within the community for which the card data model was designed.

A logical access control system (LACS) is an automated system that controls an individual’s ability to access one or more computer system resources such as a workstation, network, application, or database. A logical access control system requires validation of an individual’s identity through some mechanism such as a PIN, card, biometric, or other token. It has the capability to assign different access privileges to different persons depending on their roles and responsibilities in an organization.

Physical Access ControlLogical Access Control

Smart Card Identity Applications

Smart Card Identity Applications

See also: Government